Rob: Mmm! A quick sip of my coffee to get me in the mood for today’s programme! Welcome to 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’mRob.
Finn: And I’m Finn. Rob, you seem to be enjoying that cup of coffee…
Rob: Yes, indeed. I love all styles of coffee - that’s coffee made in different ways - you could say I am a coffee addict.
Finn: An addict. That’s someone who likes doing a particular activity very much and they can’t stop doing it. And if you have a strong need to keep drinking coffee then we could say you have an addiction.
Rob: That’s me! And that’s what we're talking about today - coffee addiction -and we’ll be talking about the dangers of drinking too much.
Finn: Another word for drinking here is consuming. We'll look at some other coffee-related language in today’s programme, too. But first, Rob, how about a question?
Rob: Yes, of course. I have a coffee-related question to ask you. Do you know which country drinks the most coffee per person? Is it:
Finn: I think they're all coffee-drinking countries but I’ll say b) Finland.
Rob: OK. As always, I will let you know the answer at the end of the programme. OK Finn, I haven’t asked you yet if you drink coffee. So do you?
Finn: I do Rob, yes, but only in moderation - so that means not too much. I love the taste and the smell especially - we could call that the aroma - but it's the caffeine contained in the drink that can have a bad effect. If I drink too much it can give me headaches.
Rob: Right. Well, for me, it's the caffeine that keeps me awake. It stimulates my brain - it makes me more alert - that's why we call caffeine a stimulant. Caffeine can also be found in energy and cola drinks and even in tea.
Finn: The New Scientist magazine says caffeine is a ‘psychoactive drug’ and that 90% of people in the United States consume it every day.
Rob: Psychoactive drug - so what does that mean?
Finn: It's a drug that affects how a person feels and sometimes how they behave. The drug can be found in food like waffles and chewing gum, surprisingly - not just in drinks.
Rob: That’s why scientists who study public health are worried people don’t know how much caffeine they are taking.
Finn: Indeed. Too much caffeine can lead to insomnia.
Rob: So that’s when you can’t sleep.
Finn: And indigestion.
Rob: So that’s a pain in your stomach when it can’t process the food that you've just eaten.
Finn: And finally, high blood pressure.
Rob: So blood flowing around your body at a higher pressure than is normal. That's dangerous. Well, sometimes drinking coffee does stop me sleeping and sometimes I feel very alert and then very lethargic - you know,that's not having any energy. But I still can’t give up!
Finn: And Rob, you're not alone. We asked people on our BBC Learning English Facebook page how they felt about coffee, and we had a lot of responses.
Rob: Yumiko says: “My happiest time is smelling coffee beans just after grinding it. Fresh roasted coffee has a really good fragrance!” Fragrance is a word usually associated with perfume - but I think she just means the good smell.
Finn: Samuele says: “One cup of good espresso is the daily energy for my body and mind”.
Rob: And Rasha claims: “A cup of coffee every day is useful for our health”.
Finn: Ahmed loves coffee too, but he says: “Be aware that too much coffee is not good for your health”. So there seem to be some good effects and some bad - or negative - effects of drinking coffee, Rob.
Rob: Well, I find that if I try to give up drinking coffee, I’ll also get headaches and feel tired.
Finn: And these are what we call withdrawal symptoms - the nasty physical and mental effects of stopping.
Rob: Well, I may drink lots of coffee but not as much as people in another country. Finn, earlier I asked you if you knew the people of which country drink the most coffee?
Finn: And I said b) Finland.
Rob: And guess what - you were right! Yes, the people of Finland consume an incredible 12 kilograms of coffee per person every year. That compares with the average consumption of 1.3 kilograms per person.
OK Finn, before we go, there’s just time for you to remind us of some of the words that we heard today.
Finn: We heard:
high blood pressure
Rob: Thanks, Finn.
Finn: Thank you, Rob.
Rob: Do join us again for another edition of 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. Bye for now!